Pakistan Journal of Islamic Philosophy <p>Pakistan Journal of Islamic Philosophy (<strong>PAKJIP</strong>), a tri-lingual, Double Blind peer-reviewed, open access Bi-annual Research Journal of Islamic Studies, is launched by Global Research Club, Multan since January 2019. </p> Global Research Club, Multan, Punjab, Pakistan en-US Pakistan Journal of Islamic Philosophy 2709-8885 جائے کارپر ہراسگی کے نفسیاتی پہلو،سماجی اثرات اور شرعی تدارک <p><em>Incidents of sexual harassment in the workplace have become a serious problem nowadays. Generally, sexual harassment is legally defined as uninvited sex-related behavior. There are three main types of sexual harassment on the workplace. 1. Sexual harassment of women by men. 2. Women threaten men with Sexual harassment claims or propaganda. 3. Sexual harassment by homosexuals.</em></p> <p><em>The Protection of Workplace Harassment Act was passed 2010 in Pakistan. Any act, indecent assault, gesture and imposition against the dignity of women under this law is a punishable offense. It also explains that it is also a crime for a harasser to use his or her authority in such cases. </em></p> <p><em>There are Two basic types of unlawful harassment in cases of women.1,Quid Pro Quo Harassment, This occurs when a tangible employment action (like change in pay, work status, dismissal, demotion, transfer &amp; work assignments,) is made based on the employee’s submission to or rejection of unwelcome conduct. This kind of harassment is generally committed by a supervisor, manager or senior person. 2. Hostile Work Environment Harassment can result from the unwelcome conduct of supervisors, co-workers, customers, contractors, etc. with whom the victim interacts on the job, and the unwelcome conduct is so severe or pervasive that it renders the workplace atmosphere intimidating, hostile or offensive to a reasonable person.&nbsp;&nbsp; </em></p> <p><em>Incidents of women threaten men with Sexual harassment claims or propaganda &amp; Sexual harassment by homosexuals are also on the rise, worldwide. This is also a sensitive &amp; serious issue. A review of the data reveals that the highest incidence of rape &amp; sexual harassment occurs in non-Muslim-majority countries. Some important suggestions &amp; recommendations regarding the state of Pakistan also included.</em></p> Dr. Abdul Ghaffar Prof.Dr.Muhammad Hammad Lakhvi Copyright (c) 2022 Dr. Abdul Ghaffar, Prof.Dr.Muhammad Hammad Lakhvi 2022-02-16 2022-02-16 4 1 1 18 تفسیر قرآن کا لغوی منہج : ضیاء القرآن کا خصوصی مطالعہ <p>This article studies the lexical methodology adopted Pir Karam Shah al-Azharī in the in his tafsīr “<em>Ziā-ul-Qur’ān”</em>. &nbsp;“<em>Ziā-ul-Qur’ān</em>” is a complete tafsīr from Surah al-Fātihah to Surah al-Nās. This remarkable tafsīr is no less than a blessing for the Urdu speaking class. It has five volumes and 3580 pages. The article highlighting the peculiarities of the referred tafsīr focuses its lexical nature. It finds that the author has made very important discussions relevant to the under-discussion methodology of Qur’ānic interpretation. It argues that the referred style has made it very easy to understand the relevant verses and words of the Qur’ān.</p> Muhammad Irfan Farhana Hanif Dr. Muhammad Shahbaz Copyright (c) 2022 Muhammad Irfan, Farhana Hanif, Dr. Muhammad Shahbaz 2022-03-16 2022-03-16 4 1 19 33 کرونا وائرس ،احتیاطی تدابیر وعلاج: ماہرین کی آراء کا تجزیاتی مطالعہ <p>Different pandemics have been affecting life and causing massive destruction ever since human existence started on this planet. Plague a.k.a. Black Death, for example, devastated an estimated one-third population of Europe. Corona Virus (COVID-19) got a spread in December 2019. It is more destructive than all other pandemics of the past. It has affected human life across the globe. Medical experts, all over the world, are particularly engaged in finding a remedy to this pandemic. Religious scholars are also involved in helping medical experts to find a remedy to COVID-19 through Shriah. Therefore, this research aims to see whether it is possible to find a remedy to the lethal COVID-19 through medicine and Sharia or not. In this regard, this research employs descriptive and comparative methods to review and discuss different library sources (articles, newspapers, websites. The findings, based on medical experts as well as religious scholars show that the outbreak of COVID-19 can be controlled by following the golden principles of medicine and Shriah.</p> Ahsan-Ul- Haq Dr. Tahir Masood Qazi Dr. Muhammad Waris Ali Copyright (c) 2022 Ahsan-Ul- Haq, Dr. Tahir Masood Qazi, Dr. Muhammad Waris Ali 2022-03-17 2022-03-17 4 1 34 47 الجامع الاحکام القرآن للقرطبی میں اعلانِ نبوت سے قبل سیرت النبی ﷺ کا تحقیقی مطالعہ <p>Quran is primary and the most authentic source of the Sirah of the Holy Prophet (SAW) while exegesis complement it by linking between true meaning of the revelation and reliable traditions regarding Sirah. Although sirah writers have always been utilizing exegesis of the Holy Book as conventional source yet studying about life of the Holy Prophet (SAW)&nbsp; through sole lens of&nbsp; exegesis authors is one of the latest trends of&nbsp; Sirah writing.&nbsp; <em>Imam Abu Abdullah Muhammad bin Ahmed al Qurtabi (671 AH)</em> authored his most famous and well-known exegesis with special focus on deriving commandments of Islamic Sharia.&nbsp; His book“Ahkam al Quran” has a lot of info about other branches of human and Islamic knowledge including Sirah. This article highlights the Seerah of the Holy Porphet (SAW) before announcement of Nabuwwah in the light of Al-Jam-e-Li Ahkam Al-Quran Li Al-Qurtabi discussed in said tafseer book. Through this study light is thrown upon author’s life, his work and the methodology he used with reference to the value of his sources. Collection of material, its comparison with original sources, authentication, and analysis of the opinion of worthy author has been adopted as methodology to conduct this study. The author has elaborated the Sirah of the Holy Prophet (SAW) before announcement of Nabuwwah. This study highlights a specific period of Sirah discussed in the book to elaborate methodology and style of the author.</p> Dr. Noor-ul-Hassan Zia Dr. Saeed Ahmad Copyright (c) 2022 Dr. Noor-ul-Hassan Zia, Saeed Ahmad 2022-04-13 2022-04-13 4 1 48 61 عصرحاضر میں حدیث کی عدم حجیت کی فکر: تناظرومحرکات <p>The issue of the authenticity of the hadiths is one of the most important issues of the present age. But now this thought has spread beyond this particular circle and is spreading more than ever in various forms. Therefore, this topic is debatable so that all aspects of it can be examined. Many books and articles have been written on the issue of authenticity of hadith in which the&nbsp; authenticity of hadiths have been proved in general, in which the historical transparency of this collection and its importance as a source has been highlighted. But the causes and motives of this thought have not been examined in detail in them. This article covers some of them. The following article focuses on the following questions related to this issue, like Why were attempts made to make the collection of Hadith Mubarak suspicious? What is the role of modern liberal values ​​and dominant civilization in influencing this fitna?</p> Dr. Zuha Qaisar Copyright (c) 2022 Dr. Zuha Qaisar 2022-04-15 2022-04-15 4 1 62 70 اشتہار میں موجود آوازوں کا اسلامی نقطہ نظر سے جائزہ <p>Human advancement in Technology was amazing in last two decades. All the Electronic Devices are some of the examples of that advancement. Now addressing the vast rage of masses became quite simple and effective. It takes seconds to spread one person’s voice to the whole world. Therefore, businessmen are using these technologies to disseminate word of their products and services to the very end of the world to attract customers. They use the advertisement for the same purpose. In those advertisements, voices are used like human voice, animals’ voices, natural voices, and musical and nonmusical instruments’ voices. It is essential for a Muslim to know their Islamic Ruling. This article discusses the same and tries to find out whether use of all these voices is permissible or otherwise.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Dr. Shahab Naimat Khan Dr. Shabbir Ahmad Copyright (c) 2022 Dr. Shahab Naimat Khan, Dr. Shabbir Ahmad 2022-04-21 2022-04-21 4 1 71 80 گلوبل وارمنگ اورشجرکاری کی اہمیت، سیرت طیبہﷺ سے رہنمائی <p>Teachings of Islam encompasses all spheres of humankind. Islam does not claim about spiritual prosperity alone, rather it provides a smart roadmap to overcome the burdens of this material world. Global warming is a man-made climate catastrophe. Mankind did not obey their Lord’s commandments and push themselves towards the edge of a precipice, by relentlessly using fossil fuels and polluting the atmosphere through greenhouse gasses. In this scenario, Islam’s eternal teachings and guidelines give hope to all humanity to learn from their mistakes again and get devise a strategy to tackle the global warming. In this article, the importance of plantation in the wake of the global warming is scholarly discussed. To highlight the plantation and discourage the deforestation, this article provides the slew of references from Quran, Sunnah and other legal sources to understand and address the Islamic approach towards global warming.</p> Dr. Abdul Ghaffar Dr. Asim Naeem Copyright (c) 2022 Dr. Abdul Ghaffar, Dr. Asim Naeem 2022-04-24 2022-04-24 4 1 81 91 مناقب سے متعلق خطبات نبویﷺ اور ان سے اخذ ہونے والے فقہی مسائل <p>Allah Almighty placed all the attributes and perfections in His Messenger Muhammad (peace be upon him). He was responding to the call of his Lord in every way. Along with all these attributes and perfections, the Prophet (peace be upon him) was also an excellent preacher.</p> <p> He conveyed a large part of the commands of his Lord to the servants of his Lord only through his comprehensive sermons. Whenever a divine command came or any other important matter arose, the Prophet (peace be upon him) would address his companions and inform them of this important command and matter. This was an important responsibility of the Prophet as well as honesty and integrity. In the Holy Qur'an, he was also commanded to do the same.</p> <p>And frighten those close to you. When this blessed verse was revealed, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) invited the people of his immediate family and preached to them. The sermons of the Prophet (sws) were not like the sermons of ordinary preachers, but his sermons are comprehensive and complete as well as permanent. That is to say, in addition to sermons and exhortations, his sermons also contain jurisprudential issues and injunctions which contain guidance for human beings till the Day of Judgment. Guidance and its commands are also present in your sermons.</p> <p> Some people have the impression that the sermons of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) were not preserved or properly recorded. This impression of these gentlemen is by no means correct. Because the sermons of the Holy Prophet were not only preserved but also edited by the scholars. Therefore, his sermons are also mentioned in other books of hadith besides Siah-e- Sitta. And in addition to these books of hadith, only separate books of sermons were also written. In this article, we tried to derive as much jurisprudential orders as possible. These derivations provide perfect guidance on several problems of daily life in modern age. </p> Hafiz Usama Munir Muhammad Tayyab Dr. Khalid Mahmood Arif Copyright (c) 2021 Hafiz Usama Munir, Muhammad Tayyab, Dr. Khalid Mahmood Arif 2022-04-24 2022-04-24 4 1 92 107 کلام اقبال میں قرآنی تلمیحات اور ان کی عصری معنویت <p><strong><em>Abstract:</em></strong> <em>Iqbal, the great and famous poet of the Islamic world, through his revolutionary poetry preached the teachings of the Qur'an and Islam. He not only considered Islam as a religion but also a complete code of life. Iqbal is a reformer and philosopher of the Islamic nation. The following article discusses Iqbal's attachment to the Qur'an in his poetry and the use of Qur'anic allusions and its significance in modern times. Iqbal presented the Qur'an in his speech in three ways.</em> <em>Firstly, Using the Arabic text of the Qur'an in poetry. Secondly, presenting the meaning of Qur'anic verses in poetry and Thirdly, Making the words of the Qur'an the title of the poem.</em></p> <p><em>Iqbal's poetry is based on the Qur'an and Sunnah, so the teachings of Allama should not only be read and understood but also followed</em></p> Dr. Yasmeen Kauser Dr. Shagufta Firdous Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Yasmeen Kauser, Dr. Shagufta Firdous 2022-04-24 2022-04-24 4 1 108 117 تربیت اطفال ، مسائل او ر والدین کی ذمہ داریاں عصر حاضر کے تناظر میں <p>The training of children is of utmost importance for any nation, tribe or country. Because baby is like wet clay. We will treat him as we would like to be treated. As Muslims, we are fortunate that our religion provides us with a complete code of conduct. By following which we can get guidance for any field of life. From the life of such Holy Prophet (saw) we can easily get the standard of training of children. Because in the history of the world, no other nation, country or tribe has trained a society faster than you. Parents are just like a gardener. Like a gardener planting a garden and then cultivating it with the help of night and day hard work. When to water it, when to prune it, when to use fertilizer. When to spray caterpillars. That is, after its preservation in every way, it finally takes the form of a fruit tree. And the gardener is very happy to see the fruit ready. Of course, the training of children is completed after a continuous effort. The best training of children is essential for building a better society. Islam considers the training of children as an obligation and for this Shariah obligation, the parents are responsible for the first step, the society for the second step and the state for the third step.</p> Tasawar Hussain Prof. Dr. Hafiz Ghulam Yousaf Copyright (c) 2022 Tasawar Hussain, Prof. Dr. Hafiz Ghulam Yousaf 2022-05-22 2022-05-22 4 1 118 127 جنگی قیدیوں کےحقوق اورتحلیل اسیری کےاسالیب (اسلامی بین الاقوامی قوانین اور بین الاقوامی قانون انسانیت کاتقابلی مطالعہ) <p>The military confrontation and the armed conflicts have been major factors in the global catastrophe of mankind since last two centuries generally and especially first half and last quarter of the twenty century and the first quarter of twenty first century. In these armed conflicts, human sufferings especially war captivities became worsen. Minimizing the sufferings of war captives is also a form of resuscitation of humanity. The historical human practice to terminate war captivity, persists on five methods: freedom gratis, ransom, exchange of war captives, execution and enslavement. Since the advent of Islam, Islam introduced its own code of conduct for the dissolution of war captivity, which is based on human welfare and compassion. These tanents have been being practiced since the advent of Islam. The importance of these Islamic codes of conduct in the present age, is further enhanced by the fact that the majority of the war-torn vicinities consist of Muslim populated areas contemporarly and the majority of those taken as prisoner of war, belongs to Islam. Therefore, the main focus of this article, is on the study of Islamic Code of Conduct for the release of prisoners of war. As the war on Muslim-populated areas has been imposed by international powers, this article also includes a comparative study of Islamic International Humanitarian Law (IIHL) and Conventional International Humanitarian Law (CIHL) for the dissolution of war.</p> Muhammad Tariq Ramzan Abdulghafoor Amir Hayat Copyright (c) 2022 Muhammad Tariq Ramzan; Dr. Abdulghafoor, Dr. Amir Hayat 2022-05-31 2022-05-31 4 1 127 137 اسلامی تصورِ سیاست اور جماعت اسلامی پاکستان کا تنظیمی ڈھانچہ <p>Jammat-e-Islami is the famous religious party of Pakistan which was founded before the creation of Pakistan. Since the establishment of Pakistan, the party remained involve in the politics in various shapes. Jammat-e-Islami always conducted the intra party elections which are considered the beauty of democracy. The party has been claiming that everyone can get the membership as a worker weather he or she belongs to any sect of Islam. However, in practice the reality is opposite to it. Jamaat-e-Islami claims that it is the really democratic party in the country; but on the other hand, the party obliges its workers to live their lives according to the principles of the party. The leaders of Jammat-e-Islami promised to bring democracy in line with Islamic principles in Pakistan. On the other hand, they adopted the policies of reconciliation through supporting the martial rules. The common citizens did not like Jamaat-e-Islami as a political party in Pakistan. They liked this party as they had hope from Jammat-e-Islami to reform the society from the social evils for the protection of citizens. The internal conflicts were also visible in the party and sometime these differences were so great that many leaders had to leave the party.</p> Dr. Muhammad Abid Dr. Khalid Mehmood Copyright (c) 2022 Dr. Muhammad Abid, Dr. Khalid Mehmood 2022-06-04 2022-06-04 4 1 138 151 تفسیر عروۃ الوثقیٰ (از عبد الکریم اثری) کا تنقیدی مطالعہ <p>Islam covers all the aspects of life either it is related to social, political, economic, or personal matters. It interprets and demonstrate all solutions verbally and practically. There are many famous personalities who left no stone unturned to work on Quranic <em>tafseer</em>. Among all those personalities who were born in the subcontinent which are also known for their distinctive attributes, made continuous hard work to enhance positivity towards Islam and inspire no religious people. Hence, it is difficult to find one of an exemplary character among all those personalities. When Qur’anic interpretations are discussed, the highlighted work of the most prominent personality who also influenced people religiously name of "Maulana Abdul Karim Asri" appears. He is remembered for his precious work related to the Holy Qur’an. He spent his whole life in the study of the Holy Qur’an and its interpretation. He is one of the sole sources of spreading Qur’anic education in public. Although, there are many aspects of his <em>Tafseer(Tafsir Urwa-Tul-Wusqa) </em>yet, the main feature is "Raai”. The Tafsir incorporates the ideology of Sir Syed Ahmad Khan and Ghulam Ahmed Pervez to blend traditional thought with modernization. He demanded Muslims scholars to adopt a difference route and think about lot of issues in this way. &nbsp;Islamic research Furthermore, Maulana includes <em>lughat, ahadiths </em>and opinion (<em>Raai</em>) in his <em>Tafseer</em>. Here some of the Tafseeri characteristics of his <em>Tafseer</em> will be discussed.</p> <p><strong>Key words</strong>: &nbsp;</p> Abbas Ali Raza Dr. Muhammad Zohaib Hanif Dr. Hafiz Faiz Rasool Copyright (c) 2022 Hafiz Faiz Rasool, Dr. Muhammad Zohaib Hanif, Dr. Hafiz Faiz Rasool, Dr. Hafiz Faiz Rasool 2022-06-10 2022-06-10 4 1 152 164 احادیث میں انفرادی اخلاقی منہیات کے مقاصد وحِکم،ایک تحقیقی مطالعہ <p>In societies all around the world, obedience to laws and regulations is inevitable among human beings. In which the rights and duties are determined for every human being, most of which consist of prohibitions. without discrimination in Islamic and non-Islamic societies, the aspect of morality ​​is acceptable to all classes equally, which plays the role of a code of unity and peace in mixed societies. In the Qur'anic teachings, besides the commands which are commanded by Allah Almighty there are also the commandments which are forbidden and they are termed as prohibition (<em>Nawāhi</em>). In the same way, these prohibitions are also mentioned in the hadiths and the hadiths related to the prohibitions in the collection of hadiths in which the moral aspects have been highlighted. If these prohibitions are being implemented then surely these societies can become a symbol of peace and harmony.</p> Muhammad Shafiq Dr. Shahzada Imran Ayyub Copyright (c) 2022 Muhammad Shafique, Dr. Shahzada Imran Ayyub 2022-06-12 2022-06-12 4 1 165 176 احادیث مسلسلات کا اختصاصی مطالعہ <p>The most important part of Ahādīth is the Ahādīth-e-Musalsalāt, in which along with Sanad Rawayat, Sanad-e-tasalsul is also seen and examined. These Ahādīth have come from different classes of scholars and jurists, their interpretations are available in the Ahādīth Musalsalāt of Hanafī, Malikī, Hanābil, Shawāfeh and Sūfī poets. Imām Sakhāwī explains the significance of Ahādīth Musalsalāt that Ahādīth Musalsalāt is the collection of many secrets, in the Hadīth of continuity, abundance of reason and care is paramount. Therefore, the narrators made arrangements to recite Ahādith Musalsalāt, in its certain actions of Holy Prophet are preserved with utmost importance. Ibn Daqīq-al-Eid has counted among the virtues of Ahādīth Musalsalāt, because there is continuity in it. It turned out that there is a special condition in the Ahādith Musalsalāt and which does not occur in the general Ahādith in this respect. There is a special word and deed in it which is going on with great continuity and as it goes on it finally reaches the Holy Prophet. What a grace of a narrator that with the blessings of Ahādīth Musalsalāt, his name is connected with Holy Prophet. These Ahādīth refer to the chain of narrators of Ahādīth which is characterized by a single condition or attribute, rather it belongs to Rawāt or Asnād, it can be through time and space. Then it is same whether the condition or attributes of the narrator are verbal or physical. Some of the benefits of Ahādīth Musalsalāt are noteworthy, that is a great honor for the narrator that his name reaches the Holy Prophet in the course of a special process. One of the advantages of Ahādīth Musalsalāt is that it strengthened the control of Rawāt. This proves the importance of the chain of transmission of the Ahādīth towards Holy Prophet and the caution of the action mentioned in it. In the same way, the Ahādīth also gives a good idea of intercession, and the arrangements of all Rawāt mentioned in the Sanad becomes clear in it.</p> Hafiz Muhammad Abdullah Dr. Malik Kamran Dr. Salman Ahmad Khan Copyright (c) 2022 Hafiz Muhammad Abdullah, Dr. Malik Kamran, Dr. Salman Ahmad Khan 2022-06-12 2022-06-12 4 1 177 188 غیرمسلم کی عدالتی گواہی کےبارےمیں فقہاءکی آراءکا تجزیاتی مطالعہ <p>Human needs are intertwined, so there are times when one person claims a right. but his claim cannot be trusted without any proof for this purpose Islam has prescribed a way for the plaintiff to bring such people before the court to prove his claim and to prove the veracity of his claim.</p> <p>Allah Almighty has declared testimony to be an honorable position. The rights of the people are attached to the testimony, so the Shariah has set the standard for the qualification of the witness. Testimony is a Shariah command and an act of worship. In this article, the Islamic point of view regarding the judicial testimony of a non-Muslim will be explained in order to illuminate whether the judicial testimony of a non-Muslim is acceptable in Islam or not.</p> <p>The conditions for acceptance the testimony of a non-Muslim will be stated and the views of Muslim jurists regarding the judicial testimony of a non-Muslim will also be explained.</p> Rehmat Din Dr. Malik Kamran Copyright (c) 2022 Rehmat Din, Dr. Malik Kamran 2022-06-14 2022-06-14 4 1 189 200 نکاح اور حق مہر سے متعلق اسلامی قوانین اور پاکستانی عدالتی تشریحات کا تجزیاتی مطالعہ <p>In civil society, law is essential to protect the collective life of a human being, and the most important law in various combinations of laws is family law, because it refines the in-house matters. Because Islam wants to build a successful society and society is a group of people. That is why it is impossible to have a successful society unless the people are reformed. And if people do not have the comfort of family, then the road to development becomes deserted. In addition, domestic life is at greater risk of persecution. On the one hand, the physical weakness of the gender group and on the other hand, the possibility of male-dominated violence is likely to dominate the weak due to the conflicts. Therefore, some rules are needed to limit the constraints of family life and the Shariah has fully complied with this requirement. So the law of marriage is the most important in civilization. In this article, an analysis of Pakistani judicial interpretations concerning the Marriage and Haq Mahr is conducted in perspective of Islamic Laws.</p> Nazia Mumtaz Dr. Sajid Iqbal Copyright (c) 2022 Nazia Mumtaz, Dr. Sajid Iqbal 2022-06-27 2022-06-27 4 1 201 212 تفسیر "زاد المسیر فی علم التفسیر" کا منہج <p>In Indian subcontinent, The jurisprudential religion is Hanafi, Therefore, Awareness is available to the scholars of interpretation such as Hanafi, Shafi'i and Maliki jurisprudence. Hence, We have enough introduction of such above mentioned school of thoughts. So, it’s not an appropriate behavior that we hide the identity of Hanbali interpretation. It might be possible that the above mentioned three jurisprudential religions such as Hanafi, shafi,s, Maliki,s were focused their own interpretations and the Hanbali tafaser remains limited. So, now a days it’s our duty to fulfil this gap to highlight the specific Hanbali tafaser to maintain the field of interpretation by all our four jurisprudential religions. So, it’s the immense need of today that we represents the Hanbali interpretation to our region. Hence, in this research work, we select the book of imam ibn e Jozi “ Zād al-Masīr fī ílm al-Tafsīr” in which we introduced about the author, his work, purpose of the book, way of elaboration, bibliography, and some bright features and this interpretation is the short form of Ibn e Jozi's complete and authentic book&nbsp; “ AL Mughni”. Moreover, imam ibn e jozi is the author of almost 20 books of interpretation and Uloom ul Quran. Other 500 books of ibn e jozi are also specified by many researchers in details, out of which nearly 190 books data is collected by various researchers about hadith, fiqh, history and others etc. So according to all these ground realities it considered to be the pure Hanabali interpretation.</p> Shafqat-Ur-Rahman Mughal Dr. Hafiz Iftikhar Ahmad Copyright (c) 2022 Shafqat-Ur-Rahman Mughal, Dr. Hafiz Iftikhar Ahmad 2022-06-28 2022-06-28 4 1 213 223 میں عقیدہ اور عقل کی آویزش کا اسلامی تناظر میں تنقیدی جائزہThe End of Faith <p>Sam Harris is a famous American Philosopher and Neuro-Surgeon author of the New York Times Bestseller Book “The End of Faith: Religion, Terror and the Future of Reason”. He is one of the four-horseman of New-Atheism Movement. Sam Harris articulates the damages of organized religions and holds strong stance against the religions especially Islam. He declares tenants of religions as irrational and assert that religions suspend reason in favor of religious beliefs. He rejects the Religion because it relies on Faith. He denies revelation as a source of knowledge and evidence and declares that religions ought not the evidence for their propositions. Moreover he asserts that religions and natural sciences should be judged by use of same methodology or inquiry model. He declares that religion itself is the cause of terrorism.</p> <p>This research article discusses the aforementioned views of Sam Harris especially considering the use of Rationality in Islamic Sciences and conflict between reason and faith/religion. The Critical review examines the misunderstanding and problems contained in the selected work of Sam Harris. Using content analysis of selected work in the book “The End of Faith”, main views on reason and faith are commented in the light of Islamic thought.</p> 1. Muhammad Salman Mir 2. Anwar ul Haq Copyright (c) 2022 1. Muhammad Salman Mir, 2. Anwar ul Haq 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 4 1 224 246 المرويات الواردة في ايمان ورقة بن نوفل رضي الله عنه: جمعا وتحقيقا <p>This article sheds light on those ahadiths and sayings of companions of prophet that endorses the faith of Hazrat Warqah Ibn Nawfal bin Asad (r.a), the first cousin of Hazrat Khadija (r.a). He is a mysterious figure who died just after some days the prophet receives revelation.&nbsp; He has been mentioned in the beginning of the book of revelation in Sahi al-Bukhari. However, his story of embracing Islam shrouded in mystery and that is why he remained a disputed personality whether he should be named as Sahabi or not.&nbsp; There is a difference of opinion amongst the scholars as well. However, there are certain Sahi Ahadiths of the prophet that endorses his faith.&nbsp;</p> <p>The lineage of Warqah (r.a) is related to prophet and Warqah is in fact the 4th cousin of the prophet. He studied languages, he studied Hebrew, learned scriptures. used to translate Gospel into Hebrew, studied religion. He was an aesthetic who travelled in search of knowledge and true religion and was called hanifee who never worshipped idolatry in his days of ignorance.</p> <p>After the first revelation, Hazrat Khadija (r.a) took the Prophet to consult the matter with Warqah (r,a). He replied, “You are the prophet of these people”. He confirms that. “I wish I was young the day when your people would run you out”. The prophet said, “Are my people going to run me out? “Yes, no man has ever come with what you have come with except that the people took him as their enemy. If I live to see that day, I will support you with everything I have.” However, this narration does not corroborate explicitly that he accepts Islam.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>However, In the light of the less authentic ahadiths and the sayings of Islamic scholars confirm his faith. Hazrat Khadija (r.a) asked prophet about Warqah (r.a), “Oh messenger of Allah, he confirmed and believed in you who you were. And he died before you made public” so the prophet responds to Khadija, “Oh Khadija, I saw Warqah(r.a) in my sleep and he was wearing white clothes. If he was to be the people of hellfire, then I would not have seen him in white clothes.” (Musnad Ahmad, 6516)</p> <p>In another sahi hadith narrated by Hazrat Ayesha (r.a), she says that the prophet of Islam heard a man cursing Warqah (r.a) then the prophet said, “Do not say any bad thing about Warqah. Don’t you know I saw Warqah in Jannah but even actually with two Jannahs. (Mustadrak Al- Hakim, 609/2)</p> <p>Similarly, many scholars have mentioned life of Hazrat Waqrah (r.a) in the chapter of lives of companions. In a nutshell, above mentioned arguments are evident to conclude that Warqah (r.a) was a believer.</p> Dr. Hafiz Qudratullah Habib ur Rahman Dr. Muhammad Usman Khalid Copyright (c) 2022 Dr. Hafiz Qudratullah, Habib ur Rahman, Dr. Muhammad Usman Khalid 2022-06-11 2022-06-11 4 1 1 15 معالم الحضارة الإسلامية في العصور الوسطى من خلال رحلة ابن بطوطة (دراسة وتحقيق) <p>This article deals with works of Ibn-e- Battuta. Summary of signs of Islamic civlization and culture during the middle ages in view of Travels of Ibn-e-Battuta is presented in it. Ibne-e- Battuta was prince of Muslim travelers. He went on his journey in 1325 (725H), when he was in the age of 20 years. His main purpose of his travel was to go on a Hajj, or a Pilgrimage to Makkah, to perform the fifth pillar of Islam. But he remained in traveling for around 29 years and he covered about more than 75,000 miles visiting the equivalent of 44 modern countries which were mostly under the governments of Muslim leaders of the World of Islam, or "Dar al-Islam" at that time. He faced many dangers and had numerous adventures during the travels. The story of his travels was originally named <em>“Tohfah Al-Nazzār fī Gharā’ib Al-Amsār wa Ajā’ib Al-Asfār”</em>&nbsp;(&nbsp;A Gift to Those Who Observe the Wonders of Cities and the Miracles of Traveling).&nbsp;That title is greater than average so the text is generally just called Travel or journey of Ibn Battuta's&nbsp;Rihlah. Renowned as <em>Rihlah Ibn-e-Battuta</em> in Arabic. Translations of his travel in many other languages of the world show its great importance. He was died at the age of 73 years on 1377 (779H).</p> Akbar Ali Javed Prof. Dr. Abdul Majid Nadeem Copyright (c) 2022 Akbar Ali Javed, Prof. Dr. Abdul Majid Nadeem 2022-06-24 2022-06-24 4 1 16 31 Deconditioning the Conditioned: Therapeutic Powers of Masnoon Supplications <p><em>Our identity, perceptions and preferences are conditioned by our past experiences. At times, distorted perceptions, misconceptions and patterns of thoughts get embedded into our mind and lead to psychological and social problems. These fixed patterns exist as everyday part of behavior. We need tools of behavior therapy which can liberate us from these mental shackles. Psychotherapists offer several ways of deconditioning our mind of these compelling intricate patterns. Besides, there are other remedial alternatives. Certain texts could also help in unlearning the learnt distortions. Some poetic and religious texts have therapeutic powers. While studying therapeutic texts from linguistic perspective, researchers are interested in the choice of words and their effect on the listener or reader. In this study, the authors look at some of the linguistic marvels bequeathed by the Prophet (PBUH). This descriptive study explores how psychological wonders can be attained with the linguistic splendors of the Masnoon supplications. &nbsp;The focus of the current article is on those masnoon supplications that start with ‘praise be to Allah’. Against a background of absence of law and order, rampant violence, spiritual barrenness and moral hollowness in society reported by newspaper and celebrated works of literature, if therapeutic powers of the Masnoon azkars are effectively channelized, we can bring about a psychological sea change in our life. The authors have tried to bring home the idea that using these azkars and supplications day and night can help us not only in improving our familial, social and professional roles but also in regaining the lost consciousness of man being vicegerent of the Almighty in the world. </em></p> Dr. Riaz Hussain Dr. Abdul Ghaffar Copyright (c) 2022 Dr. Riaz Hussain, Dr. Abdul Ghaffar 2022-02-16 2022-02-16 4 1 1 15 An Analytical Study of Evolution of Research Methodology in Islamic Studies <p><em>Allah</em> Almighty is the creator of the whole universe. He provides all essentialities to each object of universe according to its nature to maintain its existence. So, He is called “<em>Rabb ul Alameen</em>”(Lord of the woorlds).&nbsp; He has created man as the best of all creatures. He has managed all reqquirements for the best growth and development of human beings. He revealed his guidance “<em>Hidayah</em>” through His beloved Prophets for the best development of the best creature. Now the last message of <em>Allah</em> “<em>Quran</em>” and the life of His last Prophet are the absolute guidance (<em>Hidayah</em>) for humanity. It fulfils all necessities of human beings in a natural way. The holy Prophet ﷺ conveyed the guidance of <em>Allah</em> to mankind and practiced before them. So, the life of the Holy Prophet is the practical manifestation of the revelation of <em>Allah</em>. He taught mankind and asked His companions to inform His message to those who are not present. In this way the companions of the Holy Prophet continued the process of teaching. Islam was taught as a special branch of knowledge at different centers. New problems arose due to changes in the patterns life, there new problems took place. Solution of these problems was found through the process of research. When Islam spread in the whole world, <em>Islamic</em> <em>sciences</em> were studied in east, west and the whole world as a specific discipline. So, <em>Islamic studies</em> hold its specific process of research according to its own nature. In this article, the evolution, need and importance of research in <em>Islam</em> and future of <em>Islamic research</em> will be described</p> Ghulam Mustafa Dr. Farhat Naseem Alvi Copyright (c) 2022 Ghulam Mustafa, Dr. Farhat Naseem Alvi 2022-02-16 2022-02-16 4 1 17 35 A Conceptual Framework for Management in the Light of Islamic Perspective: An Analytic Study <p class="root-block-node" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%;"><span style="font-size: 11.0pt; line-height: 150%;">Good management is any company's most significant competitive factor. One of the most critical components of successful management is achieving success for yourself and others. It is the mechanism for planning, organizing, directing, and regulating a business's complete structure. This article aims to provide an Islamic-based conceptual framework for excellent management, not only to ensure efficient company operations but also to ensure respect for Islamic moral and ethical norms. In general, administration is a method that controls others' work behavior and achieves specified corporate goals and objectives through having them do work. The Qur'an and Sunnah include detailed guidance on the sorts of administration to be used in resolving a variety of personal, familial, secretarial, social, financial, and national, along with international challenges. To connect management to the past of human civilization, it's vital to inform community about Allah's Prophets (SWT), which Allah sends to various countries to advise people in the right direction. All of Allah's Prophets (SWT) is religious leaders who preach Islam's doctrines, and the majority of them are successful businessmen, managers, and rulers. Many managerial ideas were conveyed by Allah (SWT) through his Prophet, and the late Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) rose to the top. This article tries to look at the origins of Islam while also drawing on modern management techniques. As a result, management procedures are guided by Islam's socioeconomic structure, which is appropriate for current commercial operations.</span></p> Muhammad Umar Riaz Abbasi Copyright (c) 2022 Muhammad Umar Riaz Abbasi 2022-03-02 2022-03-02 4 1 36 48 A Critical Review of the Literature Regarding Evolution of English Translations of Quran by the Orientalists <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p><strong>Introduction and Significance:</strong></p> <p>The historical evolution of English translations of Holy Quran is a phenomenon which gradually emerged over centuries along with relevant literature (English Translations). The Orientalist movement has been the guiding light for Qur’anic Translations all over the world in several languages. The traces of this movement go back to the early days of Islam. There have been seven different complete Quran translations since seventeenth century by Non-Muslim Orientalists.</p> <p><strong>Research Methodology:</strong></p> <p>An analysis of literature of original English Quran Translations and relevant history is carried out to highlight the circumstances of emergence and Evolution (Century wise) of Oriental English Translations of Quran. Our study unveils that all of these translations are mistaken, astray, full of errors and have been written with prejudice against Islamic teachings and Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong></p> <p>Most of these orientalist translators having (Christian) religious background tried their level best to raise doubts regarding revelation, compilation and preservation of Quran. The comparative analysis of the verses in this literature of English translations show that the hostility and prejudice of these English translators declined over the years and they have gradually learned to use reasoning and logic to defy Quran and teachings of Prophet Muhammad instead of using hate and enmity as a tool.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong></p> <p>The emergence and popularity of these English Oriental translators was completely supported by publishing companies and universities in the west and these were very famous in west. A few modern day Quran translations also appeared on the horizon of field of Oriental studies; however they continued the tradition of their ancestors regarding undermining the teachings of Quran intentionally or intentionally with their clearly evident prejudice as they contribute to this body of literature.</p> <p><strong>Key Words: </strong>Orientalism, Qur’ãn, Oriental English Translations, Evolution, Prejudiced Surãh Arrangement&nbsp; <strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Afshan Noureen Dr. Farhat Naseem Alvi Copyright (c) 2022 Afshan Noureen, Dr. Farhat Naseem Alvi 2022-03-17 2022-03-17 4 1 49 65 Afghan Conflict in Religio-Political Editorial Cartoons Published in Pakistani Newspaper: A Semiological Discourse Analysis <p>Newspaper editorial cartoons say what written or verbal discourse structures find much difficulty in conveying that is somewhere remained hidden. For these caricatures have their symbolic and metaphorical significance and having social and ideological meanings, influence the opinion of common masses as strongly as any other genre can. The purpose of this research tries to decode the semiotic discourses of chosen caricatures from Dawn newspaper with focus on the representation of Afghān conflict from July 2020 to September 2021 aiming to look into how the current Afghānistān situation is depicted discursively in Dawn newspaper semiotics and the ideological distinctions in the published portrayals of Afghānistān. Five religio-political editorial cartoons by the cartoonist Zahoor were purposively selected. Print media semiotic discourses play a vital role in developing particular ideologies, for the analysis of selected cartoons the qualitative research approach is applied. The paper utilizes Fairclough’s 3D model<a href="#_ftn1" name="_ftnref1">[1]</a> &nbsp;of critical discourse analysis and the Barthes’ model of semiotic analysis<a href="#_ftn2" name="_ftnref2">[2]</a> &nbsp;A step-by-step analysis is being carried out .The researchers have come to the conclusion that distinct components of the Afghānistān crisis and the US withdrawal are shared by Dawn newspaper. It was also found from the study that Dawn newspaper reflected the ongoing turmoil in Afghānistān through semiotics where situation was so delicate and unpredictable. It has also been portrayed that the world community getting lightly and not taking appropriate measures to extinguish the fire. Religio-political issues like Jihaad and the dressing code of afghan Taliban was also discussed in the editorial cartoons. It is concluded that different ideologies, like sociocultural, political and religious ideologies besides ideology of power, discrimination, and capitalism have been presented very effectively through the dawn newspaper’s religio-political discourse.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Ali Furqan Syed Muhammad Akram Khan Rahila Sarwar Copyright (c) 2022 Ali Furqan Syed, Muhammad Akram Khan, Rahila Sarwar 2022-04-19 2022-04-19 4 1 66 80 Impacts of Global Environmental Changes: An Analytical Study on Remedies with Islamic Perspectives <p>Human beings are facing series of problems regarding environmental changes, scientist are warning that these changes will destroy the rest of the world. There are two major schools of thought in this concern, one is claiming that “change of environment is a natural process” whereas the other is blaming the man for this change. Both are agreed that this change is an alarming situation for the survival of mankind. Increasing of global warming, lack of fresh water biodiversity reduction and pollution are major issues. The main objective of this paper is to reveal the reality about the change of environment whether it is a natural process or irresponsible behavior of man toward environment? In both cases what is the role of Muslims to protect the environment. Islamic teachings regarding protection of environment will be present in the light of Quran and Sunnah. Paper will be ended with suggestions and recommendations.</p> Dr. Inam Ullah Wattoo Dr. Yasmin Nazir Dr. Yasir Farooq Copyright (c) 2022 Dr. Inam Ullah Wattoo, Dr. Yasmin Nazir, Dr. Yasir Farooq 2022-04-25 2022-04-25 4 1 81 90 Scientism and Religion: Christian-Muslim Responses about Atheistic Ideology <p>Scientism is the view that science is&nbsp;the best or only objective means by which society should determine normative and epistemological values. Scientism has been changing the measurements of thinking and it has been taking place in scientific, non-scientific, and all other social platforms. Atheism linked in the past with science and religion as conflict with each other. Many prominent Atheists have been claimed religion as hurdles and conflict in the pathway of scientific progress. They promote scientism as the best explanation for everything, instead of religion. Science, its ramifications, and its boundaries all have been discussed, as well as how legendary scientists cannot validate science to reality. On contrary, Muslim and Christian scholars argue that religion based on believe in God who provides the purpose and meaning of human existence and their objective moral values. This is critical to comprehend how swiftly the idea of scientism is infiltrating every aspect of human affair and how disastrously it is wreaking havoc on society.</p> <p>This article's purpose is to examine how atheists establish science's supremacy in all spheres of human life and reject other sources of knowledge, especially matters related to the divine guidance for humanity. The study focus on the scientism, new atheists’ argumentation and the Muslim-Christian scholarly responses. This research paper consists of four parts; Atheist’s perspective of Scientism, implication of science: scientist’s perspective, impact of scientism on theology and Christian-Muslim response to scientism.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>Keyword: </strong>scientism, atheism, impact of scientism, legends scientist’s views, Christian-Muslim response</p> Salman Arif Usman Ahmad Copyright (c) 2022 Salman Arif, Usman Ahmad 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 4 1 91 107 Role of Religion in Social Life of People in Cholistan Desert <p>Religious practices are influenced by environmental and cultural factors. Cholistan is second largest desert of Pakistan where people are living with semi nomadic life style. Being a desert area, it lacks basic amenities, that is why life revolves around searching for water and fodder. Due to very low literacy rate in the Cholistan, religious awareness is poor and mostly based on hearsay. The current paper aims at exploring the role of religion in social life of people living in the Cholistan desert. Adopting qualitative approach, data were collected from 50 respondents through participants observation and protracted qualitative interviews. The findings show that people of Cholistan have poor awareness about religious teachings and practices, yet religion has a significant role in their social life. Influence of religion expands on all spheres of life ranging from satisfying religious and spiritual sentiments to settlement of mutual conflicts among community people. Furthermore, spiritual guide (<em>pir</em>) and certain symbols have important role in their day-to-day life. In addition to this, religion has strengthened and enhanced resilience of the people for coping with the adversities of life in the hostile environment of Cholistan. Similarly, Cholistani people follow many superstitions for tackling supernatural powers and perceive them as religion. The study concludes that religion ingrains contentment among its followers which results into resilience in all odd conditions</p> Dr. Muhammad Jafar Aisha Shoukat Dr. Inam Ullah Wattoo Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Muhammad Jafar, Dr. Aisha Shoukat, Dr. Inam Ullah Wattoo 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 4 1 108 120