معالم الحضارة الإسلامية في العصور الوسطى من خلال رحلة ابن بطوطة (دراسة وتحقيق)
Milestones of Islamic Civilization in the Middle Ages Through Ibn Battuta's Journey, A Research Study
Keywords:Ibn-e-Battuta, Journeys, tourism, Islamic civilization, culture
This article deals with works of Ibn-e- Battuta. Summary of signs of Islamic civlization and culture during the middle ages in view of Travels of Ibn-e-Battuta is presented in it. Ibne-e- Battuta was prince of Muslim travelers. He went on his journey in 1325 (725H), when he was in the age of 20 years. His main purpose of his travel was to go on a Hajj, or a Pilgrimage to Makkah, to perform the fifth pillar of Islam. But he remained in traveling for around 29 years and he covered about more than 75,000 miles visiting the equivalent of 44 modern countries which were mostly under the governments of Muslim leaders of the World of Islam, or "Dar al-Islam" at that time. He faced many dangers and had numerous adventures during the travels. The story of his travels was originally named “Tohfah Al-Nazzār fī Gharā’ib Al-Amsār wa Ajā’ib Al-Asfār” ( A Gift to Those Who Observe the Wonders of Cities and the Miracles of Traveling). That title is greater than average so the text is generally just called Travel or journey of Ibn Battuta's Rihlah. Renowned as Rihlah Ibn-e-Battuta in Arabic. Translations of his travel in many other languages of the world show its great importance. He was died at the age of 73 years on 1377 (779H).
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Copyright (c) 2022 Akbar Ali Javed, Prof. Dr. Abdul Majid Nadeem
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